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MUSEUM AND MEMORIAL IN SOBIBÓR. THE NAZI GERMAN EXTERMINATION CAMP (1942–1943)

21.05.2021

Sobibór. Faces of permanent exhibition. Photographs

One of the most important elements of the permanent exhibition at the Museum and Memorial in Sobibór is extensive photographic documentation. The photographs come fromqueries carried out by the employees of the State Museum at Majdanek both in state and foreign archives, and from private collections.

The collection of photographs by Johann Niemann, a high-ranking SS functionary who photographed the everyday life of the SS-Sonderkommando Sobibor personnel, was made available to a wider public for the first time as part of the exhibition in Sobibór.The iconography constitutesa valuable piece of evidence regarding the enormous crime committed against 180,000 Jewish children, women, and men, which the Nazis intended to keep secret at all costs. From July 1942, all operation “Reinhardt” staff members were required to submit written statements committing them not to disclose any information relating to the progress of the operation outside. Furthermore, a strictban on taking photographs at thedeath camps was introduced. These circumstances emphasise the unique nature of the photographs presented at the exhibition.

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