Holocaust Remembrance Day
April 19, 2021 marks the 78th anniversary of the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
That day in 1943, the SS units who entered the ghetto area were met with resistance, when the members of the Jewish Combat Organisation (ŻOB) and the Jewish Military Union (ŻZW) made a stand against the Germans. Despite their fierce determination and courage, the insurgents could not withstand the assaults of the well-trained regular troops. On May 16, 1943, the Warsaw Ghetto ceased to exist.
The Jewish survivors, who endured despite mass executions and the quarter being reduced to rubble, were deported to camps. Many of them were sent to Majdanek – the German concentration camp in Lublin, where they were being systematically murdered in the gas chambers and mass executions.
The State Museum at Majdanek joins the commemoration of the Holocaust Remembrance Day.
On April 19, we hold an on-line lecture by dr hab. Dariusz Libionka entitled “Warsaw Jews in the camps in the Lublin region after the ghetto uprising (April–November 1943).” Apart from that we publish a poem written in late 1943 by a twelve-year-old Polish-Jewish girl detained at the camp “The Dead Men’s Boots” in the interpretation by Witold Kopeć – an actor of the Juliusz Osterwa Theatre in Lublin. On that day, the staff of the Majdanek Museum and its branches in Bełżec and Sobibór hold on-line lessons devoted to the fates of Jews in the General Government.