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MUSEUM AND MEMORIAL IN SOBIBÓR. THE NAZI GERMAN EXTERMINATION CAMP (1942–1943)

17.03.2021

79th anniversary of "Aktion Reinhardt"

2021 marks 79 years since accomplishment of one of the most atrocious crimes perpetrated by Germans during the Second World War – “Aktion Reinhardt.” It covered Polish Jews from the General Government and Białystok Bezirk, but also Jewish inhabitants of many Germany-occupied countries. It was started with deportations to the death camp in Bełżec, on March 17, 1942.

Starting from April 1942, gas chambers of the death camp in Sobibór were functioning, and on July 23, the death camp in Treblinka started its operation. The main wave of deportations fell in July-September 1942, when the biggest transports set off to the death camps in Bełżec and Treblinka, which carried even 8,000-9,000 Jews each. Deportations covered all districts of the General Government then.

Apart from the deportation to the death camps, Germans carried out mass executions of Jews during the whole “Operation Reinhard.” They took place in liquidated ghettos and in the countryside, especially in those sites which were at a distance from railway lines.

Among the deportees to the death camp in Sobibór, there was the Kral's family. We write about them in our blog (link below).

More on "Aktion Reinhardt" in the subsequent link.

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